Article on PBM - Wavelengths, Effects, Penetration Depths, and Applications

PBM - Wavelengths, Effects, Penetration Depths, and Applications

Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) leverages the Near-Infrared (NIR) spectrum (600-1200 nm) for non-invasive medical and cosmetic treatments. It capitalizes on the biological effects of light to enhance healing, reduce inflammation, and relieve pain. This article delves into LLLT's specific wavelengths, their impacts, penetration depths, target tissues, and the implications of different pulse frequencies.

Wavelength-Specific Effects and Applications:

600-700 nm (Red Light)
Primary Absorption: Hemoglobin
Effects: Enhances blood flow and cellular function
Indications: Arthritis, muscle pain, wound healing, hair growth
Specific Wavelengths: 660 nm for pain reduction and anti-aging
Red light affects superficial skin and tissues, stimulating blood circulation and enhancing skin metabolism. It's effective in treating skin-related conditions and promoting hair growth.

700-900 nm (Near-Infrared Light)
Primary Absorption: Cytochrome c oxidase
Effects: Boosts ATP production and cellular repair
Indications: Deeper muscle/joint conditions, nerve regeneration
Specific Wavelengths: 700-750 nm and 810 nm for deeper penetration and wound healing
This range reaches deeper tissues, aiding in muscle and joint repair, and is beneficial for conditions like arthritis and tendonitis.

900-1200 nm (Infrared Light)
Primary Absorption: Water molecules
Effects: Enhances cell membrane permeability
Indications: Deep injuries, neurological conditions
Specific Wavelengths: 900-950 nm, 980 nm, and 1000-1200 nm for deep tissue treatments
Infrared light penetrates the deepest, affecting muscles, bones, and nerves, and is used for more severe injuries and neurological conditions.

Penetration Depths and Target Tissues
600-700 nm: Superficial skin and tissues
700-900 nm: Deeper muscle and joint tissues
900-1200 nm: Deep muscle, bone, and neurological tissues

Pulse Frequencies and Their Effects
10 – 1000 Hz: For acute conditions and pain relief
1000 – 10,000 Hz: Aids in chronic conditions and deeper tissue repair
10,000 – 100,000 Hz: For deep tissue treatments and cellular stimulation

Clinical Applications and Studies
LLLT has shown efficacy in hair growth promotion, especially in Androgenetic Alopecia (AGA) and Alopecia Areata (AA). Wavelengths like 632 nm, 655 nm, and 780 nm have been effective in increasing hair count and density.

Safety and Treatment Considerations
Safety: Generally safe with minimal side effects
Treatment Regimen: Requires a series of treatments

Additional Benefits

  • Mitochondrial Health: Improves mitochondrial function and ATP synthesis
  • Diabetic Ulcerations: Aids in healing diabetic foot ulcers
  • Dermatological Conditions: Treats dermatitis, psoriasis, acne
  • Cosmetic Applications: Used in skin rejuvenation and anti-aging treatments
  • Pigmentation Disorders: Effective in vitiligo treatment

LLLT, red light therapy and PBM in general provides therapeutic benefits across visible light to near-infrared wavelengths. Its effectiveness hinges on choosing the right wavelength and pulse frequency for the specific condition, tissue depth, and therapeutic goal.

"Histological, Physiological and Biomechanical Effects of Low-Level Laser Therapy on Tendon Healing in Animals and Humans: A Systematic Review"
"Review on the Cellular Mechanisms of Low-Level Laser Therapy Use in Oncology"
"Low-Level Light Therapy and Cupping Therapy Applied on Skin Tissue"

Publisert i Artikler av Jan Fredrik Polesznski
lørdag 27. januar 2024 12.22.01 Europe/Berlin
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